This study is basically of the movement of different oceanic and continental plates and the occurrence of different geological disasters that are taking place because of this plate movement which effect environment and human population. Plate tectonics manages the topography and motions of the surface of Earth, and the loss of heat from Earth's interior, but it appears to be found uniquely on Earth in the Solar System. Why do plate tectonics occur only on Earth? This is one of the major questions in earth and planetary sciences research, and raises a wide range of related questions: has plate tectonics ever occurred on other planets in the past? How did plate tectonics start on Earth? Will it ever end? In the absence of plate tectonics, how do planets lose their heat?